Window Function Explained

Using the front panel of the CZ-1, you can program three faux resonant waves. These waves are not basic waves. Instead, they are the same basic wave (WAVE 110), passed through three different window functions. I learned all of this on the Sealed website.

The purpose of this page is to go past stating that a window function exists, and explain what it does.

How The Window Function Works

How window functions shapes a wave stream

The window function acts on each cycle of the wave

The window function is like an amp envelope for a waveform. Here's how I imagine it working:

Deep inside the computer brain of the CZ, the oscillator spits out a stream of waveforms whenever a key is pressed. If a window function is used, it SHAPES the amplitude of each and every cycle of that wave. In other words, it performs an amp envelope function on every single cycle of the wave. There are six unique window functions that each shape the waves in different ways.

Window Bits

binary data description
................ 16 bit data = 16 1s or 0s
.......000...... WINDOW - NONE
.......001...... WINDOW - SAW
.......010...... WINDOW - TRIANGLE
.......011...... WINDOW - TRAPEZOID
.......100...... WINDOW - PULSE
.......101...... WINDOW - DOUBLESAW
.......110...... WINDOW - DOUBLESAW
(same as 101)
.......111...... WINDOW - DOUBLESAW
(same as 101)

Bitwise, there is room for 8 window functions. One of these (000) needs to be NONE.

001, 010, and 011 are available from the front panel, but only if they are used with WAVE 110.

100, 101, 110, and 111 are window functions only available via sysex. 101, 110, and 111 are all the same, which seems disappointing at first. But that leaves two undocumented window functions: PULSE and DOUBLESAW.

This option is available through the front panel.
This option is only available through sysex.

Window Function Demonstration

The window function is most clearly demonstrated in how it shapes WAVE 110. WAVE 110 is the basis for the faux resonant waves.

The red diamonds indicate the start and end point of each cycle of the wave.

WINDOW 000
NONE
Window 000 Icon
Window 000 Acting On Wave 110 Only available using sysex.
No window function is applied to the wave, it's just the direct output of WAVE 110. Notice how this is a nice solid bar of little sine waves. In the following eamples, that solid bar is carved into by the window function.
WINDOW 001
SAW
Window 001 Icon
Window 001 Acting On Wave 110 Available from front panel, where it's called WAVE 6
WAVE 110 is trimmed into a saw shape. Each wave cycle starts off at 100% amplitude, then ramps steadily down to 0%. This happens over and over to each cycle of the wave.
WINDOW 010
TRIANGLE
Window 010 Icon
Window 010 Acting On Wave 110 Available from front panel, where it's called WAVE 7
WAVE 110 is trimmed into a triangle shape. Each wave cycle starts at 0% amplitude, ramps up to 100% midway through the period, then ramps back down to 0% by the end of the cycle.
WINDOW 011
TRAPEZOID
Window 011 Icon
Window 011 Acting On Wave 110 Available from front panel, where it's called WAVE 8
WAVE 110 is trimmed into a trapezoid shape. Each wave cycle starts at 100% amplitude, remains at that level until midway through the period, then ramps down to 0% by the end of the cycle.
WINDOW 100
PULSE
Window 100 Icon
Window 100 Acting On Wave 110 Only available using sysex.
WAVE 110 is trimmed into a sort-of pulse shape. Each wave cycle start at 100% amplitude, then ramps down to 0% by midway through the period, then remains at 0% until the end of the cycle.
WINDOW 101
DOUBLESAW
Window 101 Icon
Window 101 Acting On Wave 110 Only available using sysex.
WAVE 110 is trimmed into a double saw wave. Notice that this saw shape happens TWICE for every cycle of the wave. Each wave cycle starts at 0% amplitude, ramps up to 100% by midway through the period, immediately drops to 0%, and then repeats for the second half of the period.
WINDOW 110
DOUBLESAW
Window 110 Icon
Window 110 Acting On Wave 110 Only available using sysex.
Same function as WINDOW 101.
WINDOW 111
DOUBLESAW
Window 111 Icon
Window 111 Acting On Wave 110 Only available using sysex.
Same function as WINDOW 101.

Summary

The window function works by shaping each and every cycle of the wave with a mini amp envelope. It takes a wave and trims it into different patterns down at the cycle level. There are two novel window functions availabe via sysex.

CZ-1 Spelunking Index